The G.M. Nazloyan Psychotherapy Centre was established for prophylaxis and treatment of psychic disorders by traditional and non-traditional methods.
Specialists of the Centre treat their patients in Moscow without resorting to methods of orthodox psychiatry.
Patients undergo a programme of complex treatment at the Centre, based on psychopharmacolo-gy, individual and group psychotherapy and on the methods of sculptural portraiture, self-portrait, medicinal make-up, rhythmic plasticity, psychodrama and other kinds of art therapy.
Psychopharmacotherapy is based on search and selection of the least harmful medicines and their combinations optimal for each patient. It helps a patient to get rid of long-time drag dependence and side phenomena caused by shocks, neuroleptics and tran-quilizers.
Besides the classical means of treatment, such as hypnosis, psy-chotraining, rational psychotherapy, psychoanalysis, etc., for the first time, a unique method of sculptural psychotherapy was used at the G.M. Nazloyan Psychotherapy Centre. The influence on the patient's psyche takes place in the process of creating his realistic, full-size portrait by the physician. This method appeared as a result of thorough study of pathological estrangement, or autism, which is considered the main cause of many psychic and psychosomatic diseases by the researchers of the G.M. Nazloyan Psychotherapy Centre. This approach to the problem of psycho-pathology determined a general direction of the Centre's studies.
It is supposed that autism forms as a result of distortion, impoverishment or misinterpretation of one's mirror image of "self (archetype of man and his mirror double). The main goal of our therapy is reconstraction of the patient's lost mirror image that leads to normalization of his inner dialogue and dialogue with the outer world.
Besides sculptural portraiture, a complex technique of self-por-:rait is used: a patient creates his own sculptual or pictorial image, as well as psychotherapeutic make-up, bodiart therapi and a complex of special movements in a plastic psycho-drama.
Methods of art therapy worked out by the specialists of the Centre found their development in a new form of group psychotherapy known as "Campfire Conversations."
The treatment is characterized by its humaneness as the relations between the doktor and the patient, or, in other words, the artist and the model, are those of spiritual love and there reigns the atmosphere of mutual creativity. Based on the canons of portraiture the ritual of psychotherapeutic treatment for the first time ac-
quires clear-cut limits of the beginning, the stages, and the end, thus leading to the catharsis and complete recovery from mental disease.
The metheods of teatment used at the Centre are the result of twenty years of intensive scientific and clinical work of Dr. G. M. Nazloyan and his associates. Art therapy practiced by Dr. Nazloyan, a psychiatrist, Candidate ofPsychology, Honorary Doctor of the Institute of Maieutics, Lausanne, gained wide recognition among the specialists of major psychiatric and psychotherapeutic research centres in Moscow, St. Petersburg, Kiev, Zurich, Paris and Seoul. It was given wide coverage in scientific and popularscience literature.
In recent years, a full participant in the treatment process acts son of G.M. Nazloyan, director of the Psychotherapy Centre, psychiatrist, artist G.G. Nazloyan.